The Legendary Camels of Camp Verde, Texas

Nestled snugly in the Texas Hill Country, between Kerrville and the “Cowboy Capital of the World,” Bandera, is the delightful Camp Verde Store and Restaurant.

Today, near our home, Dodie and I enjoy passing through historical Bandera Pass to see bison, zebra and exotic wildlife on our way to dine at the site of the old fort, situated on Camp Verde Creek.

Known far and wide as Old Camp Verde, it was here, on July 8, 1856, the noted camel post was established by the U.S. government.

War Department records explained the camp was located “On the north bank of Rio Verde, or Verde Creek, a branch of the Guadalupe River, half a mile west of old Johnson Road, leading from San Antonio to Fort Terret; about four miles from Fort Ives; about 55 miles, direct course, northwest of San Antonio, but about 65 miles leading from San Antonio, through Fredericksburg to Forts Mason, McCavett, and Concho.”

When the camels first arrived from overseas, they entered in Indianola, Texas. The herd was driven to San Antonio grazing along the route, in about 14 days.

They were kept in the “headwaters of San Pedro” creek for a few days and then moved out to the ranch of Major Howard on the Medina River, twelve miles from San Antonio, where they were kept until they moved to their permanent home in Camp Verde on August 26 and 27, 1856.

Old Spanish maps identified this as “Verde Arroyo” (Green Creek). Before the thirty-three camels arrived in 1856, a sketch had been drawn of an Eastern caravansary in Asia Minor. This drawing was used to construct a detailed reproduction at Camp Verde.

The camels were used to transport supplies and dispatched to Forts Martin Scott, Concho, Griffen, Phantom Hill, Inge, Clark, Lancaster, Hudson, Stockton, Davis, Quitman, Bliss and other forts in West Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California.

What was formerly the officers’ barracks is where the store and restaurant is. On March 26, 1910, the headquarters abode was destroyed by fire, which took the life of Tom Blair.

The camp was continuously garrisoned until March 7, 1861, when U.S. troops surrendered the post to the Confederates, and withdrew. After the Civil War, the post was reoccupied by Federal troops on November 30, 1866, and finally abandoned on November 30, 1869.

It was rebuilt by W.H. Bonnell as an exact replica using the stone structure that survived the fire.

History shows that camels roamed the Bandera hills and many pioneers in this area actually herded them.

🔹Amasa Clark, who died at his home near Bandera at age 102, herded camels. Among his possessions was a pair of pillows made from camel’s hair, which he sheared from the animals he tended.

🔹Jim Walker, who died in 1945, owned a bell worn by the lead camel at his time working there during the Civil War.

🔹Andy Jones, a pioneer citizen of Bandera who died in the mid 1940s, often saw droves of camels miles away from the old fort. When Camp Verde was handed back to the Federal Government after the Civil War, the original 32 camels had grown to a herd of over 100, under the care of the Confederate troops.

“When I was a boy on my father’s ranch, the government kept a lot of camels at Camp Verde,” Jones said. One day we hobbled three of our horses and turned them loose near the house, and fourteen of those old camels came lumbering along.”

“The horses took fright at the sight of them, and we did not see those horses for many days,” he continued. “My brother and I penned the camels, all of them being gentle except for one.”

“We roped the wild one, but never wanted to rope another,” he recalled. “For the old humpbacked villain slobbered all over us, and the slobber made us deathly sick. However, we had a jolly time with those camels, when we got rid of the foul, sickening slobber, and we often rode broncos and wild steers, we rode camels too…They could easily travel one hundred miles a day. The Indians seemed to be afraid of the camels, and of course never attempted to steal any of them.”

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History, Texas, Pioneers, Genealogy

From award-winning Texas author Cynthia Leal Massey.

Media’s Biggest Lie Ever: ‘No Evidence’

Strong contenders for the biggest planned lie by Big Media include:

🔹The Russia-Russia-Russia Scam: Through proof and evidence, we know Donald Trump was not a Russian agent who colluded with them to win the 2016 election.

🔹Hunter Biden’s Laptop: Media denied and/or delayed the explosive information that revealed his corrupt foreign business deals and how his father helped him.

🔹The January 6 “Insurrection”: We know it was not a coup to take over America. Period.

🔹Anthony Fauci’s Gain of Function and Vaccinations: It made him, politicians and Big Pharma more filthy rich, but over 99.7% of the population at any given time had very little to worry about from the virus.

🔹Denial of Bidenflation: Inflation and consumables reaching 50 year highs and media still lies.

The absolute winner from the corrupt losers in American newsrooms was, and continues to be, there was “NO EVIDENCE” of illegal activity, fraud and the stealing of the 2020 Presidential Election.

Their “NO EVIDENCE” headlines and copy comes repeatedly in many forms:

🔹THE BIG LIE

🔹NO PROOF

🔹WITHOUT EVIDENCE

🔹CONTINUES TO LIE

🔹HEARSAY

Just days after Biden came out of the basement to congratulate himself for his claim of 81 million record breaking votes, attorneys Rudy Giuliani and Sydney Powell were delivering evidence.

The proof, which has been consistently strengthened (and added to) each day, while the Biden Regime has perpetually weakened the nation, was topped off with undeniable confirmation in Dinesh D’Souza’s 2000 Mules documentary, now seen by over 20 million viewers.

AMERICA MUST NOT FORGET

America must not forget what Giuliani and the Trump legal team layed out in November 2020. Here are excerpts:

GIULIANI:  As we started investigating, both our investigations and the very patriotic and brave American citizens that have come forward are extraordinary, extraordinary number of people, extraordinary number of witnesses. And what emerged very quickly is this is not a singular voter fraud in one state. This pattern repeats itself in a number of states, almost exactly the same pattern, which to any experienced investigator, prosecutor would suggest that there was a plan from a centralized place to execute these various acts of voter fraud, specifically focused on big cities, and specifically focused on, as you would imagine, big cities controlled by Democrats.

GIULIANI: In Pennsylvania, the margin of victory now for Biden, which is not a victory; it’s a fraud — is 69,140 votes. The reality is that we are now at a count of 682,770 ballots for which we have affidavits that there was no inspection of that ballot at the time that it was entered in the vote. It was a mail ballot. Mail ballots are particularly prone to fraud. We were warned about that by Jimmy Carter, President Jimmy Carter and Secretary Baker in a report about a dozen years ago in which they said that mail balloting is particularly susceptible of fraud, that we should very carefully consider ever doing it and that it can be taken advantage of.

EERILY SIMILAR TO WHAT JOE BIDEN TOLD US DAYS BEFORE

Justice Souter warned us of the same thing in a comment in an election law case. And even the New York Times wrote articles about how dangerous mail voting, mail-in voting was. And this is the first time we ever did it en masse. And I think we proved that all three are problems. It’s not only susceptible to fraud, it is easily susceptible to fraud, particularly if you have a plan or scheme which sounds eerily similar to what Joe Biden told us a few days before the election that he had the best voter fraud team in the world.

GIULIANI: But they were good. I don’t know that they were that good because they made significant mistakes, like all crooks do, and we caught ’em. One of them was pushing out Republican inspectors. Every state, almost every civilized country, even Tanzania and places that you wouldn’t think of have rules about inspectors, particularly for mail-in ballots. And why particularly for mail-in ballots? Because they can more easily be defrauded and —

GIULIANI: — it’s so easy. Well, you fill out an envelope like this. You put your — usually in New York would be your assembly district and precinct in which you’re voting. You fill out your name and your address and you sign it. You then use an inner envelope, and you put the ballot inside the inner envelope. You seal it all and you send it in. When it’s being counted, almost invariably in the United States up until the mass cheating that went on in this election, a Republican and a Democrat inspector, as well as others if there are other parties, is allowed to watch the unsealing of this ballot. It used to go on all over America when we conducted honest elections.

THE SAME PERSON THIRTY TIMES

GIULIANI: Because the only time you can ever find out if it’s a fraudulent ballot is when it is looked at. The minute you approve this, it’s thrown away —

GIULIANI: — gone for eternity. The only thing left is the vote. That could have been Mickey Mouse. That could have been a dead person. That could have been not filled out properly. That could have been the same person 30 times.

GIULIANI: And all these things have happened, by the way. That could have been nothing filled out. We’d never know. So, for example, the recount being done in Georgia will tell us nothing because these fraudulent ballots will just be counted again because they wouldn’t supply the signatures to match the ballots. So it means nothing to have counted these ballots because, for example, in Pennsylvania where we have probably our most precise evidence, 682,770 of these ballots were cast, put in, and they weren’t inspected, which renders them ballots that are null and void. Cannot be counted, have to be removed from the vote.

CLASSIC VIOLATION OF EQUAL PROTECTION CLAUSE

Why? For several reasons, not the least of which is that was basically only one of two places in the state where it was done. So in the other parts of the state there was a legitimate inspection of the ballots. So if you have two different standards in different parts of the state, one favoring one part of the state, the other disfavoring the other part of the state, that’s a classic violation of equal-protection clause of the United States Constitution, Bush v. Gore being the most recent case that teaches that.

Popular meme

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That’s not the only fraud that went on in Pennsylvania. All of the other frauds carried out in the other states by the Democrat bosses happened there as well. For example, if you’ve made a mistake in that ballot and you lived in Philadelphia or in Pittsburgh, you were allowed to fix the mistake. But if you lived in what would be considered more Republican or Trump parts of the state, you were given no such right. One of our plaintiffs, Mr. Henry, cast an absentee ballot. And he failed to put it in the secure envelope inside. He just put it in open, naked.

GIULIANI: The ballot was cast aside because it was invalid, because that breaks the privacy of the vote.

HE WAS WITH HUGO CHAVEZ

POWELL: — referendum came out the way he did not want it to come out. We have one very strong witness who has explained how it all works. His affidavit is attached to the pleadings of Lin Wood and the lawsuit he filed in Georgia. It is a stunning, detailed affidavit because he was with Hugo Chavez while he was being briefed on how it worked. He was with Hugo Chavez when he saw it operate to make sure the election came out his way. That was the express purpose for creating the software. He has seen it operate. And as soon as he saw the multiple states shut down the voting on the night of the election, he knew the same thing was happening here, that that was what had gone on.

Now, the software itself was created with so many variables and so many back doors that can be hooked up to the internet or a thumb drive stuck in it or whatever. But one of its most characteristic features is its ability to flip votes. It can set and run an algorithm that probably ran all over the country to take a certain percentage of votes from President Trump and flip them to President Biden, which we might never have uncovered had the votes for President Trump not been so overwhelming in so many of these states that it broke algorithm that had been plugged into the system.

CAME IN THE BACK DOOR

And that’s what caused them to have to shut down in the states they shut down in. That’s when they came in the back door with all the mail-in ballots, many of which they had actually fabricated. Some were on pristine paper with identically matching, perfect circled dots for Mr. Biden. Others were shoved in in batches. They’re always put in in a certain number of batches, and people would rerun the same batch. This corresponds to our statistical evidence that shows incredible spikes in the vote counts at particular times. And that corresponds to eyewitness testimony of numerous people who have come forward and said they saw the ballots come in the back door at that time.

DOMINION, SOROS, CLINTON

Notably, the Dominion executives are nowhere to be found now. They are moving their offices overnight to different places. Their office in Toronto was shared with one of the Soros entities. One of the leaders of the Dominion project overall is Lord Malloch-Brown, Mr. Soros’ number 2 person in the U.K. and part of his organization. There are ties of the Dominion leadership to the Clinton Foundation and to other known politicians in this country.

Just to give you a brief description of how this worked, I’m gonna quote from a letter that was written, and I will read that to make sure I get the quotes right. This person was objecting to the United States’ acquisition of Sequoia voting systems by Smartmatic, a foreign owned country. I believe this transaction raises exactly the sort of foreign ownership issues that CFIUS is best positioned to examine for national security purposes.

It’s undisputed that Smartmatic is foreign owned and is (unintelligible) Sequoia. They keep changing the names as they go along. Different times when a problem comes up they just create another corporation and call it a different name. But it was a voting machine company doing business in the United States. Sequoia voting machines were used to record over 125 million votes during the 2004 presidential election in the United States.

VENEZUELAN CONNECTION

Smartmatic now acknowledges that Antonio Mugica, a Venezuela businessman has controlling interest in Smartmatic, but the company has not revealed who all the Smartmatic owners are. According to the press, Smartmatic’s owners are hidden through a web of offshore private entities. And that is in fact true. Smartmatic has been associated with the Venezuelan government led by Hugo Chavez which is openly hostile to the United States, and of course as we all know communistic and really brutalizing its own people.

The system has been continued there by Mr. Maduro and ensured his election. Smartmatic’s possible connection to the Venezuela government poses a potential national security concern in the context of its acquisition of Sequoia because electronic voting machines are susceptible to tampering, and insiders are in the best position to engage in such –

THREE LETTER AGENCIES

POWELL: — Venezuelan origin and evaluate Smartmatic’s ownership to determine who could have influence and control over these other Sequoia products and services are important to the national security of the United States. This letter was written to Hank Paulson on October 6, 2006, by Congresswoman Carolyn B. Maloney. Senators Klobuchar and Warren have raised these concerns as recently as December 2019. Why our government has not taken them seriously is beyond my comprehension unless they have some of the three letter agencies have used them themselves in other parts of the world. We know that the technology was exported to affect an election in Argentina. That’s admitted by our friend who wrote the affidavit about Hugo Chavez and his interest in Smartmatic.

Coomer in police car for questioning

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ERIC COOMER

Again, in 2006, Carolyn Maloney wrote the Honorable John Snow, the secretary of the Treasury, about the issues. Speaking of Smartmatic’s leadership, one of the Smartmatic patent holders, Eric Coomer, I believe his name is, is on the Web as being recorded in a conversation with Antifa members, saying that he had the election rigged for Mr. Biden. Nothing to worry about here. And he was going to — they were going to F Trump. His social media is filled with hatred for the president and for the United States of America as a whole, as are the social media accounts of many other Smartmatic people.

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History, Texas, Pioneers, Genealogy

From award-winning Texas author Cynthia Leal Massey.

Dolly Parton Pie Recipe

Here is a delicious recipe inspired by our roadtrip through Pigeon Forge and Gatlinburg, Tennessee. Jack was enthusiastic about stopping by Dollywood along the way. It is a beautiful area.

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When you’ve been working 9 to 5, you need a treat that will lift your spirits. Dolly Parton Pie is the world-famous singer’s favorite, a walnut pie with a rich, sweet filling you can enjoy whenever you get the Mule Skinner Blues!

Buttery, crunchy, and melodic, Dolly Parton Pie is just what you need most when it’s time to tuck into dessert. You’ll fall in love with it on the first bite!


Ingredients

• 1 (9-inch) fold-out pie crust, thawed

• 3 eggs

• 3/4 cup sugar

• 3/4 cup light corn syrup

• 2 teaspoons vanilla extract

• 1/4 teaspoon salt

• 1 1/2 cups walnuts, finely chopped

• 4 tablespoons butter, melted

• whipped cream, optional, to taste, for serving


Directions

Step 1

Preheat the oven to 400 degrees F.

Step 2

Line a 9-inch pie pan with the unrolled crust, cutting off any overhang.

Step 3

In a large bowl, beat the eggs with a hand mixer.

Step 4

Add the sugar, corn syrup, vanilla, and salt gradually to the beaten eggs, mixing to combine.

Step 5

Add the melted butter and mix until thoroughly combined.

Step 6

Pour the mixture into the prepared pie shell.

Step 7

Add the walnuts, spreading them evenly throughout the mixture.

Step 8

Bake for 10 minutes.

Step 9

Reduce the oven heat to 300 degrees F.

Step 10

Bake for 45 minutes, adding a collar of foil around the crust after 30 minutes.

Step 11

Remove from the oven and let cool slightly.

Step 12

Serve with whipped cream.

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History, Texas, Pioneers, Genealogy

From award-winning Texas author Cynthia Leal Massey.

Citizens Help Sheriffs Across America Protect Voting Integrity

Could it be that our local sheriffs and their deputies turn out to be the last great hope for saving America?

NEW TOOLS, INFORMATION & STRATEGIES WILL BATTLE ELECTION FRAUD

ProtectAmerica.Vote

Inspired by the success of hitting the mark of 20 million viewers for the Dinesh D’Souza movie 2000 Mules, a group of patriotic citizens have joined with sheriffs across the nation in partnership with TrueTheVote to form ProtectAmerica.Vote

“Sheriffs primary duty is to protect the rights of their constituents, which includes their rights as voters,” said Sheriff Mark Lamb, of Pinal County, Arizona. “ProtectAmerica.vote aims to solve this problem and bridge the gap between voters and local law enforcement. Our work will ensure we have secure elections in this country.”

THE ACTION PLAN

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1. CONNECTING CITIZENS AND SHERIFFS

Voters are understandably confused by constantly changing election rules and increasingly frustrated by lack of leadership. Put simply, they don’t know where to turn should the election processes break down. The goal is to unite citizens and their sheriffs to work together, ensuring the real voice of America’s vote is heard loud and clear.

2. EMPOWERING SHERIFFS

Americans, through their donations and support, will provide local Sheriffs with the training, resources and tools to have real-time eyes on voting in their county. This goal is to provide Sheriffs with crucial information from around the country that includes:

🔹Providing information on election laws specific to their state

🔹Developing a grants function to provide technology and support for visibility into allegations of violations as reported throughout their county

🔹Best practices to support citizens and uphold election integrity

3. OPEN LINES OF COMMUNICATION

There is a National Election Integrity Voter Hotline to help citizens in getting information and reporting problems. The hotline will be connected to sheriffs’ offices for quick evaluation of incoming information. It will go live on August 1, 2022.

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4. PROMOTE PUBLIC SERVICE MESSAGES

🔹Starting August 1, 2022 they will begin an informational campaign to educate voters state-by-state through multiple mediums, including television, online and radio.

🔹The efforts will include press conferences in key states with County Sheriffs to raise visibility around election integrity.

5. JOIN THE EFFORTS

CONTRIBUTE

Join in building positive relationships between voters and their sheriffs to help defend election integrity in 2022.

You can sign up for updates, connect with your local sheriff, and consider a donation to assist in supporting local law enforcement efforts to defend election integrity.

Contributions will be used to help develop and push informational content surrounding voting integrity across the country, and also help provide local sheriffs with resources that best support them.

Sheriff Lamb with Catherine Engelbrecht

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“Over 80% of Americans are concerned about the lack of integrity in America’s elections,” says Catherine Engelbrecht of True The Vote. “Voters want to be helpful but aren’t sure where to turn in times of trouble. ProtectAmerica.vote will help connect citizens and Sheriffs and help open communications to support Local law enforcement to engage if the need arises.”

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History, Texas, Pioneers, Genealogy

From award-winning Texas author Cynthia Leal Massey.

Have You Accepted TV as Your Liberal Indoctrination ‘Safe Space?’

Take a close look at the graphic below. It represents exactly what “bots” (on social media) and “controlled pundits” (mainstream media) are.

Repeat the same mantra–the buzzwords and phrases–frequently and by so many sources, that the psychological effects make you believe it is true.

Another example that continues to this day, is the mantra “without evidence,” used over and over and over again, so often from numerous outlets, that some believed there was no fraud or evidence of illegal activities during the 2020 Election.

This is a form of psychological “churnalism.”

Yet, you continue to watch?

Look close. Can you spot the propaganda manipulation here?

The practice of manipulating and controlling public opinion has been in place for decades. The COVID Pandemic reveals how effective they are as this propaganda is perfected. Here’s some true history. Have you ever heard the term “Operation Mockingbird?”

Here are more recent examples of their distortion:

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History, Texas, Pioneers, Genealogy

From award-winning Texas author Cynthia Leal Massey.

Solid Proof Wisconsin Cheated 2020 Election Confirmed

On the morning of November 4, 2020, the day after the 2020 Election, Wisconsin had suddenly received 140,000+ ballots all for Joe Biden, giving Biden the lead in the state by 21,000 votes. 

Almost two years later, America is finally validating these crimes and more regarding the corrupt state government.

The Wisconsin Supreme Court ruled in July 2022 that 570 drop boxes used during the 2020 election were unlawfully approved by the Wisconsin Election Commission (WEC).

“Only the legislature may permit absentee voting via ballot drop boxes,” the court declared. “WEC cannot. Ballot drop boxes appear nowhere in the detailed statutory system for absentee voting. WEC’s authorization of ballot drop boxes was unlawful.” 

State Rep. Janel Brandtjen confirmed hundreds of thousands of votes were cast in the illegal boxes in the 2020 race.

Justice Michael Gableman, the former state Supreme Court justice appointed by the Wisconsin Legislature to investigate the 2020 election, concluded that millions of dollars in donations to election administrators in five Democrat-heavy municipalities from the Mark Zuckerberg-funded Center for Tech and Civic Life violated state anti-bribery laws.

Zuckerberg’s money corrupted election practices by turning public election authorities into liberal get-out-the-vote activists.

“The Zuckerberg-funded CTCL/ Zuckerberg 5 scheme would prove to be an effective way to accomplish the partisan effort to ‘turnout’ their desired voters and it was done with the active support of the very people and the governmental institution (WEC) that were supposed to be guarding the Wisconsin elections administrative process from the partisan activities they facilitated,” Justice Gableman wrote.

The Gableman investigation also discovered “noncitizens” had made it onto the state voters rolls in violation of state law.

The Wisconsin Election Commission failed “to record non-citizens in the WisVote voter database, thereby permitting non-citizens to vote, even though Wisconsin law requires citizenship to vote — all in violation of the Help America Vote Act,” the investigator wrote.

Substantial and overwhelming proof is presented in the form of True The Vote geofencing data, 4 million minutes of drop box video surveillance footage obtained via FOIA requests, and other means.

In just one instance of thousands, individual “mules” were identified (via their geofencing data) ballot harvesting on video. With both chain of custody documentation from ballot drop boxes and utilizing the geofencing data, they identified instances where a single box that was only visited by 271 people contained 1900 ballots.

http://www.2000Mules.com

Using their very conservative threshold of 10 visits to drop boxes, averaging 5 ballots per visit, True the Vote discovered there were at 380,000 illegal votes cast in the 2020 election.

In Wisconsin, 100 mules visited 28 boxes= 14,000 illegal votes (Not enough to swing the state for Biden).

The state’s Supreme Court also ruled as many as 200,000 voters were allowed to illegally skip voter ID for absentee ballots by claiming they were indefinitely confined by COVID when there was no such legal authority to do so.

In addition, the Wisconsin Legislative Audit Bureau identified more than 30 problems with the administration of elections in 2020, including unlawful orders and uneven enforcement of the law and urged  lawmakers to make sweeping improvements.

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History, Texas, Pioneers, Genealogy

From award-winning Texas author Cynthia Leal Massey.

The Complexity of Voting Explained by Each System

What System Do You Vote On?

The stolen elections of 2020 resulted in not just historical economy, defense, immigration, crime, shortages, education and health hardships, but it caused an enormous mistrust in government, Big Pharma, Big Tech and Big Media.

Election security experts agree that the most resilient voting systems use paper ballots (marked by hand or with an assistive device for those who need to use them) that are verified by the voter before casting.

🔹Any system that does not include a paper record or a step for voter verification should not be used.

🔹Some states and local jurisdictions are still using unreliable and insecure electronic voting systems, while others primarily use hand-marked paper ballots.

Types of Voting Equipment

optical scanner

Optical Scanners

Optical scan ballot tabulators, or optical scanners, include hand-fed and batch-fed scanners.

🔹In jurisdictions that use optical scanners voters indicate their selections by filling in an oval, completing an arrow or filling in a box for each selection on their ballot.

🔹Other voters may use a Ballot Marking Device (BMD), some of which encode voters’ selections into QR codes or bar codes. Ballots are then scanned on hand-fed optical scanners in the polling place or are collected in a ballot box to be scanned at a central location on hand-fed or high-speed batch-fed optical scanners.

🔹Most larger jurisdictions have one or more batch-fed optical scanners, which they house in a central location to scan and tabulate mail or absentee ballots.

DRE

Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) Systems

Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) voting systems use one of three user interfaces (pushbutton, touchscreen, or dial) to allow voters to record their selections directly into computer memory.

🔹DREs can support private, independent voting for individuals with disabilities by being configured with Audio-Tactile Interfaces (ATI), headphones so the voter can have the ballot read to them, or paddles or sip-and-puff devices for voters with dexterity impairments.

The voter’s choices are stored in DREs via a memory cartridge, diskette, or smart card and added to the choices of all other voters.

🔹Some DREs can be equipped with Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) printers that allow sighted voters to confirm their selections on an independent paper record before recording their votes into computer memory. This paper record is preserved and, depending on state election codes, made available in the event of an audit or recount.

BMD

Ballot Marking Devices

Ballot Marking Devices (BMDs) present the electronic ballot, allow voters to electronically select valid contest options and then produce a human-readable paper ballot.

🔹Unlike DREs, which record votes directly into computer memory, BMDs do not make any other lasting record of the voter’s selections.

🔹Some BMDs mark pre-printed ballots, while others print summaries of voter selections, often with those selections encoded in barcodes or QR codes. Then (except in the hybrid systems described next) voters either cast their ballots on a separate hand-fed optical scanner, or place them in a ballot box to be counted centrally.

🔹BMDs were developed in response to the federal requirement in the Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA) that all polling places must provide a means for voters with disabilities to vote privately and independently. To fulfill this requirement and to broaden usability, BMDs support private, independent voting by providing screen contrast adjustment, large text, Audio-Tactile Interfaces (ATI), headphones with so the voter can have the ballot read to them, or paddles or sip-and-puff devices for voters with dexterity impairments.

🔹The first BMDs included the AutoMARK, which was purchased and subsequently manufactured and marketed by ES&S, and Unisyn’s OpenElect OVI-VC.

🔹New Hampshire and Oregon have also developed unique ballot marking systems.

🔹Beginning in 2014, some jurisdictions began providing BMDs for use by all in-person voters — an approach that became widespread in 2020.

hybrid voting system

Hybrid Voting Systems

Hybrid voting systems combine two functions: they allow voters to mark a ballot, and they tabulate ballots. Hybrid systems include Hybrid Optical Scan/BMDs, Hybrid Optical Scan/DREs, and Hybrid BMD/Tabulators.

🔹The first hybrids were developed by Dominion Voting Systems, first with the addition of an assistive technology interface (ATI) to the ImageCast Precinct optical scanner and later with the ImageCast Evolution.

🔹Most often the assistive interface of the ImageCast Precinct includes a printer that prints the voter’s ballot, which is then scanned by the ImageCast Precinct.

🔹The Evolution’s assistive features, printer, and scanner are integrated into a single unit, although the configuration is virtually identical to a separate BMD and scanner configuration, as described in the preceding section. This equipment is known as “Hybrid Optical Scan/BMD.”

🔹Hybrid Optical Scan/DREs are scanners that can be configured to allow voters to enter their selections from “assistive ballots” directly into the tabulation without the creation of an independent paper ballot, thus functioning as a DRE.

The ImageCast Precinct ATI and the Hart InterCivic eScan A/T, which is used statewide in Oklahoma, are “Hybrid Optical Scan/DREs.”

🔹Hybrid BMD/Tabulators function as BMDs but contain an internal tabulating functionality. The voter’s selections are printed on a voter selection card, which is scanned and tabulated by the same machine.

🔹The ExpressVote XL and the ExpressVote, when used as a BMD and tabulator are “Hybrid BMD/Tabulators.”

🔹While the ExpressVote XL always functions as both a BMD and as a tabulator, the ExpressVote can be configured to function exclusively as a BMD or as a BMD and tabulator.

punch card

Punch Card Voting Systems

Punch Card Voting Systems employ a card (or cards) and a small clipboard-sized device for recording votes.

🔹Voters punch holes in the cards using a supplied punch device opposite their candidate or ballot issue choice.

🔹After voting, the voter may place the ballot in a ballot box or the ballot may be fed into a computer tabulating device at the precinct.

🔹No U.S. jurisdictions have used punch card voting systems in federal elections since 2014.

lever voting system

Mechanical Lever Voting Systems

First introduced in the 1890s, mechanical lever machines were used in many states during the 20th century. As recently as 1996, mechanical lever machines were used by 20.7% of registered voters in the United States. Since 2010, no mechanical lever voting machines have been used in federal elections.

paper ballots

Hand Counted Paper Ballots

Many jurisdictions manually count mail ballots as well as in-person absentee and provisional ballots. While hand counts are not “voting equipment,” issues like ballot design and voter intent, which affect all voting systems, are also relevant to hand counted paper ballots. Jurisdictions that manually enter votes into DREs are included in the hand counted category.

pollbooks

Electronic Poll Books

Many jurisdictions now use electronic poll books (or e-poll books) instead of paper poll books (or rosters) to check in voters.

🔹Some states and counties have developed electronic poll books specifically for their voter registration systems.

🔹In all mail ballot jurisdictions with Election Day vote centers, which are often in the county election official’s office, this electronic poll book may be simply the election official’s normal means of accessing a state-level voter registration database or election information management system.

🔹Most in-house electronic poll books use consumer off the shelf hardware and resemble the electronic poll book products sold by commercial entities.

🔹Like in-house electronic poll books, commercial electronic poll book systems use hardware, software, or a combination of the two to serve the functions of traditional paper poll books.

🔹Since 2000, several companies have developed and marketed systems that can be configured to be compatible with a variety of state voter registration databases.

🔹Most commercial electronic poll books use commercial off the shelf hardware (tablets, laptops, document scanners) in their systems.

🔹Electronic poll books can be useful in early voting and Election Day vote centers, which must accommodate voters from any precinct in a jurisdiction.

Individual in wheelchair uses remote ballot marking system on computer at a desk

Remote Ballot Marking Systems

Remote ballot marking systems are provided by a state or county to eligible voters, who access and/or mark their ballots via a web browser.

🔹Voters are typically authenticated by entering personally identifiable information, a PIN, or a temporary password.

🔹Client-side remote ballot marking systems allow a voter to access and mark a ballot on a computer or tablet, with the marked ballot being generated locally in the voter’s browser, while server-side remote ballot marking systems use a remote server to mark and store the voter’s selections, which are transmitted to the server from the voter’s computer via the internet.

🔹Voters using remote ballot marking systems must print and mail or drop off their ballot according to the rules for mail or absentee ballots in the jurisdiction.*

🔹Most remote ballot marking systems are commercial systems that have been developed by a non-governmental company, while a few are “in-house” systems, which are built and programmed by state election authorities.

*Remote ballot marking systems that support the electronic return of voted ballots are categorized as internet voting systems. 

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History, Texas, Pioneers, Genealogy

From award-winning Texas author Cynthia Leal Massey.

Which States Did Most People Move From and To Since COVID Began?

Data from United Van Line’s “45th Annual National Movers Survey” tracks their exclusive data for customers’ state-to-state migration patterns.

Data from the survey indicates:

🔹Vermont is the state with the highest percentage of inbound migration during 2021, at 74 percent.

🔹South Dakota follows with 69 percent

🔹South Carolina at 63 percent

🔹West Virginia at 63 percent

🔹Florida at 62 percent. 

Where are they moving from?

States with the highest percentage of outbound migration include:

🔹New Jersey at 71 percent

🔹Illinois at 67 percent

🔹New York at 63 percent

Connecticut at 60 percent

🔹California at 59 percent

In addition to the state-by-state data, United Van Lines conducts an accompanying survey to examine the motivations and influences of Americans’ interstate moves.

Primary reason for move: 2018-19, 2020-21

🔹Job change or transfer: 51.4%, 37.1%

🔹Physically closer to family: 23.2%, 29.6%

Retirement/lifestyle: 29.8%, 31.8%

The United Van Lines data analysis shows that the pre-pandemic move patterns were mostly the same as pandemic-era moves. However, the number of moves was substantially lower after the pandemic began. 

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History, Texas, Pioneers, Genealogy

From award-winning Texas author Cynthia Leal Massey.

Biden’s America is Ripe for Islamic Attacks Within

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Former FBI Agent, Counter-Terrorism Instructor Forewarned of Islamic Attacks and Intrusion in U.S.

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One Year After the Horrific Biden Blunder in Afghanistan, America is in More Danger

A year after the Biden Administration abandoned as many as 9,000 (as revealed by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee) American citizens in Afghanistan following their botched withdrawal, America remains in far more danger than most citizens realize.

Within days of one of the darkest mishaps in American history, Biden officials directed federal agencies to quickly scrub their websites of official reports detailing the $82.9 billion in military equipment and training provided to the Afghan security forces since 2001.

The scrubbed audits and reports included detailed accounting of what the U.S. had provided to Afghan forces, down to the number of night vision devices, hand grenades, Black Hawk helicopters, and armored vehicles.

Reports showed there were:

🔹208 aircraft and helicopters

🔹75,000 war vehicles – including 22 Humvees, 50,000 tactical vehicles and nearly 1,000 mine resistant vehicles

🔹600,000 weapons – including 350,000 M4 and M16 rifles, 60,000 machine guns, and 25,000 grenade launchers.

While Joe Biden, as Vice President to Barack Obama, continues to obey his ex-boss, he blatantly ignores the deadly lessons of illegal immigration and ignoring hostile Muslims entering America.

As we approach the two million a year mark for illegal aliens entering the United States who are systematically dispersed by the Biden Regime on a daily basis, crime and terrorism grows in America.

The American Center for Law and Justice, a religious liberty watchdog, reports numerous cases in recent years where teaching of Islam has moved from general knowledge of the religion to indoctrination of school children.

On its website the ACLJ cites some assignments that have raised concern from parents, like:

🔹Middle-school children in Tennessee being told to write “Allah is the only God” and recite the Islamic conversion creed.

🔹An assignment in a Wisconsin public school told students to “Pretend you are Muslim.” 

🔹In Walton County, Georgia, which manifested itself in a hone parent found objectionable: “Allah is the  (fill in the blank)  worshiped by Jews & Christians

After the June, 2016 terrorist attack on an Orlando, FL nightclub left 49 dead, an ex-FBI instructor, John Guandolo, noted the Obama “FBI leadership has systematically refused to look at and teach Sharia to its agents because it is getting its advice on Islam from Muslims who are hostile to us and our system of government.”

Orlando casualties

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Guandolo blasted then FBI Director James Comey, “Fifty Americans are dead, the FBI had the killer in their sights and let him go, and the FBI director is okay with this.”

“Not knowing something that is a requirement of your profession—like an FBI director not understanding that Sharia is the key to understanding the entire global war—is unprofessional,” he said.

Donald J. Trump, then a candidate for the presidency, chimed in:

“We’re importing radical Islamic terrorism into the West through a failed immigration system and through an intelligence community held back by our president. Even our own FBI director has admitted that we cannot effectively check the backgrounds of people we’re letting into America.”

“They have put political correctness above common sense, above your safety, and above all else. I refuse to be politically correct,” Trump said.

“The Islamic movement has been focused, since prior to 9/11, on primarily the Islamic world,” said Guandolo, also a counter-terrorism instructor, and founder of UnderstandingTheThreat.com.

“They’ve been focused, as you’ve seen, in Syria, and in Libya, in eastern Africa, in the Middle East. They’ve been focused on getting Islamic countries to adhere to sharia and begin imposing sharia outside of its borders,” he explained, referring to the Islamic legal code.

“That’s the focus. What we’re watching right now is the turn toward the West,” he said, citing terrorist attacks popping up in the U.S., Canada, and Europe, which have all been “individual acts of jihad,” until now.

“What you’re gonna see is, multiply Orlando, and Beslan, and Mumbai – and, by the way, since they’re working with the Marxist-socialist collaborators like Black Lives Matter and others, many Soros-funded groups and other groups, you’re gonna see a national level, where the violence will raise significantly, and you’ll see things precipitated by other events,” Guandolo warned.

In 2016, when Steve Bannon asked Guandolo if a FBI counter-terrorist unit was “incompetent,” or “hamstrung” by political correctness, Guandolo said, “It’s a combination of both, actually. You’ve got the agents busting their butts on the street level, but you’ve got the leadership of the FBI who refuse to look at this strategically.”

“And it is because, on orders from the White House — I know even under Director Mueller’s tenure there, before Director Comey — they were forced to work with organizations like the Islamic Society of North America and others, Muslim Public Affairs Council, which are Hamas — Muslim Brotherhood organizations,” Guandolo continued.

He explained that Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) is a “Hamas group.”

“They were created by the Muslim Brotherhood’s Palestine Committee, which was Hamas in the United States, “ Guandolo explained. “So they’re not merely a Muslim Brotherhood group. Hamas is an inherent part of the Muslim Brotherhood, and CAIR was the full Hamas organization created in the United States.”

He said the government has not “identified the larger threat,” which is that “the teaching these guys are getting is all from the Islamic centers.”

“The majority, eighty-plus percent of the Islamic centers’ mosques in the United States are teaching this,” he said. “All of the major Islamic organizations, per evidence in the largest terrorism financing and Hamas trial in American history, demonstrates clearly that these groups are jihadi organizations.”

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History, Texas, Pioneers, Genealogy

From award-winning Texas author Cynthia Leal Massey.

Take It Off, Take Them All Off

“Face masks should be used only by individuals who have symptoms of respiratory infection such as coughing, sneezing, or, in some cases, fever.”

This is from the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), not the CDC or FDA who is compromised by Anthony Fauci-type politics and greed.

“Face masks should also be worn by health care workers, by individuals who are taking care of or are in close contact with people who have respiratory infections, or otherwise as directed by a doctor.”

Face masks should not be worn by healthy individuals to protect themselves from acquiring respiratory infection because there is no evidence to suggest that face masks worn by healthy individuals are effective in preventing people from becoming ill.

“Face masks should be reserved for those who need them…N95 respirators require special fit testing, they are not recommended for use by the general public.”

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History, Texas, Pioneers, Genealogy

From award-winning Texas author Cynthia Leal Massey.

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Foods That Have More Sodium Than a Bag of Potato Chips

Guilty was the verdict and Jack confessed.

He snacked on a small bag of delicious H-E-B brand potato chips Monday evening after such a healthy day of eating.

So how much sodium is in the average small bag of chips? In his bag, H-E-B noted 170 mg (with 150 calories). We looked at the sodium content in a small bag of chips of three leading brands: Lay’s (170mg), Ruffles (160mg), and Kettle Brand (210mg).

By taking the average of these three, we estimate that the average small bag of chips has about 178mg of salt. Here’s how other popular foods compare:

🔹One serving of Bumble Bee White Crabmeat has 260mg of sodium.

Buy the Solid White Albacore Tuna In Water with more protein and 140mg of sodium.

🔹Canned, packaged, and restaurant-prepared soups often pack a lot of sodium, though you can find reduced-sodium options for some canned varieties.

On average, canned soup has 700 mg of sodium, or 30% of the Recommend Daily Intake, per 1-cup (245-gram) serving.

Here’s a tip to save costs and reduce sodium intake: Just add rice and water to any can of soup to double or triple it for almost free. Note: This same hack can be used on other high sodium consumables like tomato sauces, chili, etc.

🔹Making a sandwich? Two slices of Oroweat’s Whole Wheat bread contains 270mg of sodium. Instead, try an Oroweat Whole Wheat Sandwich Thin Roll with just 170mg.

🔹Ham is full of salt. A 3-ounce (85-gram) serving of roasted ham averages 1,117 mg of sodium, or 48% of the RDI.

🔹One Serving of Grape-Nuts Original Cereal has 270mg of sodium so opt for Honey Bunches of Oats with Almonds with 135mg instead.

🔹Instant Pudding. A 25-gram portion of instant vanilla pudding mix — used to make a 1/2-cup serving — has 350 mg of sodium, or 15% of the RDI.

🔹Jerky. A 1-ounce (28-gram) serving of beef jerky packs 620 mg of sodium, or 27% of the RDI.

🔹A serving size of V8 Original Vegetable Juice contains a whopping 640mg of sodium but the V8’s Purple Power Veggie Blend contains just 100mg instead. Some brands offer low-sodium versions, which means they can have no more than 140 mg of sodium per serving according to FDA rules.

🔹One Serving of Organic Valley’s Cottage Cheese contains 450mg of sodium so replace it with a Grassmilk Plain Yogurt which contains 120mg per serving. Note that one study found that rinsing cottage cheese under running water for 3 minutes, then draining it, reduces sodium content by 63%.

🔹Pizza. Yikes!A large, 140-gram slice of store-bought, frozen pizza averages 765 mg of sodium, or 33% of the RDI. A restaurant-prepared slice of the same size packs even more — averaging 957 mg of sodium, or 41% of the RDI.

Jack and I agree that since going as salt free as possible, we’ve noticed the original tastes of vegetables, fruits and other food are far more naturally flavorful.

SALT FACTS

🔹Salt is an essential part of a healthy diet. It helps our nerves and muscles function properly and help us control blood pressure and volume. But too much may lead to hypertension, a leading cause of heart disease and stroke. The FDA recommends no more than 2,300 mg of sodium per day, but Jack aims for under 1,000 at home.

🔹The Reference Daily Intake (RDI) for sodium of 2,300 mg — is about 1 teaspoon of salt.

🔹Table salt, known chemically as sodium chloride, is made up of 40% sodium.

🔹It’s estimated that at least half of people with hypertension have blood pressure that’s affected by sodium consumption — meaning they’re salt sensitive. In addition, your risk for salt sensitivity increases with age.

🔹The average daily sodium intake in the United States is 3,400 mg — much higher than the recommended upper limit.

This mainly comes from packaged and restaurant foods, rather than from overusing your salt shaker.

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History, Texas, Pioneers, Genealogy

From award-winning Texas author Cynthia Leal Massey.

How Jefferson’s Monticello is Becoming a Monument of Wokeism

Monticello, the mountaintop home of Thomas Jefferson, author of the American Declaration of Independence and third president of the United States, is apparently going woke.

Social media and even mainstream news have been putting their spins on this World Heritage Site, historic house and plantation, museum, research institute, presidential library and private, non-profit organization:

Thomas Jefferson:

🔹fought against tyranny.

🔹helped create a free republic.

🔹wrote much in our founding documents that would ultimately lead multitudes of the citizens of the new nation to believe that slavery was wrong and immoral and give their lives to bring about its abolition.

A Peek at New World Order?

A $20 million donation in 2015, from far-left billionaire David M. Rubenstein, initiated the intent to rewrite history through the Thomas Jefferson Foundation.

Rubenstein, is not only a New World Order globalist, he is on the boards of the World Economic Forum (authors of the “Great Reset”), China’s Tsinghua University, and the Council on Foreign Relations.

UPDATE: Rubenstein gave $10 million to turn James Madison’s home into a Critical Race Theory museum in May 2022 according to the New York Post.

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Jeffrey Tucker of the libertarian Brownstone Institute said Saturday that “the whole thing has the feel of propaganda and manipulation. People on my tour seemed sad and demoralized.” 

MORE WOKE BUZZ

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